Wine Storage, Wine Aging and Climate Controlled Wine Cellar Innovation
Wines are one of the few commodities that get better with time. The aging potential of wines is determined by several factors, including grape variety, wine region, and winemaking style. Aging is a process that involves the reaction of tannins and other phenolic compounds with various chemical components, such as sugars, esters and acids in wines. The wine storage environment can also be a significant factor in influencing the wines’ taste, aroma, and flavor.
There are two types of aging: oxidative and reductive. Oxidation aging occurs when small quantities of oxygen are allowed to enter unsealed bulk containers. Reduction aging occurs the moment wines are bottled.
There are varietal wines that require only a short period of time to develop while some wines age well from a prolonged maturation and aging process. Although wine aging can be done in a range of containers (like cement lined vats or stainless steel tanks), the majority of wines are aged in oak wine barrels.
Wine barrels produced from oak are the ideal storage solution for aging wines. Oak wine barrels can also help enhance the taste and flavor of wines. These storage vessels not only allow the slow introduction of oxygen during the aging process, but also impart features and traits of the wood into the wine.
Once the wine is bottled, it is important to store them in a climate control wine cellar. Wines require a secure and stable environment in order to age to their full potential. To achieve the desired conditions for storing and aging wines, a wine cellar space should be equipped with a cooling system, along with proper insulation and quality vapor barriers.
A proper wine storage environment provides the best possible climate conditions for cellaring wines. In a climate control wine cellar, the temperature is regulated between 50 to 59 degrees Fahrenheit while the humidity is kept within 60 to 75 percent.
Maintaining balance between temperature and humidity is essential to the aging process. Fluctuating temperature levels can accelerate wine aging and lead to spoilage. If humidity is too high, it can encourage mold growth that can damage wine labels, as well as affect the overall quality of wines. Humidity levels that are too low can dry out the cork and cause oxidation in wines.
Another factor to consider in wine storage is light. Consistent light exposure can be detrimental to the chemistry of wine. The lighting system in a wine cellar space should just be enough to view wine labels and move around the room. Exposure to bright, incandescent light can negatively impact the phenolic compounds in wines that can potentially create wine faults.
Reducing noise and vibration is also significant to the storage of wines in a climate control wine cellar. It has been said that vibratory motion contributes to speeding up the aging process of wines. Hence, a wine storage space should be situated away from loud machinery or equipment, in order to create a calm and soothing environment where wines will age undisturbed.
Wine cellar innovation allows wine collectors to build a storage space where they can safely stash their wine collectibles, and at the same time create a cozy enclave where they can hold tasting parties. Innovations in wine cellar design and construction provides an opportunity for builders and collectors to work together to develop the perfect wine cellar space.
To learn more about wine cellar construction and wine cellar innovation, visit this page – www.winecellarsbycoastal.com/wine-cellar-builder/.