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Wineries and Wine Cellars – What’s the Difference

People who are new to the world of wine may get confused about wineries and wine cellars. The wine that you pour in your glass has probably passed through a winery and a wine cellar as well. The main function of wineries is to create wines while wine cellars are responsible for storing wines in an ideal environment.


When we hear the word “winery”, we immediately think of a place to taste and purchase wine, a place for relaxation, a place for learning experiences or simply socializing with family and friends. Wine consumption and interaction with other consumers (sharing of common interests or experiences) during a visit to the winery can be considered an aesthetic experience. Winery owners often give away free samples of wine. Wines taste much better at the winery than at home because they have never travelled. Wine which has travelled loses its pristine condition.

In addition to being a great place for wine tasting and relaxation, a winery is an important facility that produces wine for consumption. Processes such as experimenting with different types of grapes or other fruits, mixing and smashing them, adding substances needed for the fermentation process and storing wines in large containers called the wooden casks, all occur within a winery.

The different types of wineries include: 1) the farm winery, which allows farms to produce and sell wines on site, 2) the micro winery, which doesn’t have its own vineyard (its grape products come from outside suppliers), 3) the family winery, which is similar to the micro winery except in that it is run by family members and 4) the urban winery, which grows its grapes in a remote location and then brings them to the urban facility for crushing, fermentation and aging.


Wine Cellars 

A wine cellar is a place where any type of wine can be stored for a long time. Wine cellars are designed to protect wines from harmful external influences such as heat, vibration, light and dryness, as well as fluctuations in humidity and temperature. Storing wines in a wine cellar and its ideal storage conditions will not only prevent wine spoilage, but will also improve the wines’ taste, aroma and flavor as they age.

You can make your own wine cellar design, thus allowing efficient use of space. Wine cellars are a great place for hosting wine tasting parties and other wine-related occasions.

There are two main types of wine cellars: active and passive. Active (also known as ‘cooling’) wine cellars are highly insulated and must be properly constructed using appliances such as humidifiers, wine cellar cooling units and ventilation systems to artificially create and maintain the ideal temperature and humidity.

Passive wine cellars are areas that meet the basic conditions (naturally cool and damp) essential for storing wines. They use ground temperature to control temperature fluctuations and make these fluctuations seasonal. Basements, caves and underground rooms are perfect for storing wine since they usually feature cool, dark and humid conditions.


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